The term “mooring services” refers to anchoring a ship to a fixed or floating item and keeping it attached during loading and unloading activities. A secure method must endure various pressures, including storms, currents, tides, and waves. Here are some common types of mooring, what they’re made of, and when each one is appropriate to use.
- Ship-to-ship transfer
The term “ship-to-ship transfer” refers to the process of docking two ships in parallel to transmit cargo. One or both ships can be in motion throughout this operation. The process entails a ship approaching a moored or stopped vessel at the smallest possible angle. The maneuvering ship gets closer and closer during the strategy, pursuing a parallel track and closing the gap until the fenders make touch.
- Mooring at a single point or a single buoy
A floating dock or lighthouse located outside the port is used to manage gaseous or liquid cargo from ships such as oil tankers. It is employed in ports where there aren’t any specific arrangements for large ships. This procedure necessitates calm weather with a bit of breeze.
- Multi-buoy or conventional mooring
The ship’s prow is held using two anchors, whereas the poop is fastened to a buoy. At a 90 ° angle, the berthing position is achieved. As the ship moves ahead, the port anchor is released at a predetermined place. When the ship comes to a complete stop, the terminal anchor is released, enabling the poop to be positioned along the centerline that divides the buoys.